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Saturn aka The Grim Reaper or Angel of Death the astrological sign of Capricorn the Goat fish/ Father Time and the fourth rider of the Apocalypse! Often seen with the tail eating serpent in his hand, The Ouroboros represents the wheel of time .Cronus as Saturn Cronus as Saturn Time, Omega and Related on the left.

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The legends of Saturn

The legends of Saturn

By B. Walker

Saturn was usually represented as an old man, bare-headed and bald, with all the marks of infirmity in his eyes, countenance, and figure. In his right hand they sometimes placed a sickle or scythe; at others, a key, and a circumflexed serpent biting its tail, in his left. He sometimes was pictured with six wings, and feet of wool, to show how insensibly and swiftly time passes. The scythe denoted his cutting down and subverting all things, and the serpent the revolution of the year.

Saturn (Sower) is closely connected with Demeter (Ceres) and his worship continued at Rome along with that of Zeus or Jupiter. He was an ancient Roman god of fertility, especially of agriculture. He carried a sickle as his symbol and was associated with the grim reaper and father time. Saturn was worshiped in a winter festival called the Saturnalia and his name established for the day of the week, Saturday. This, the great festival of Saturn, was celebrated on the 19th, but after Caesar's reform of the calendar on the 17th, of December. Augustus decreed that the 17th should be sacred to Saturn and the 19th to Ops.  Henceforward it appears that the 17th and 18th were devoted to the Saturnalia, and the 19th and zoth to the Opalia, a festival of Ops.  Caligula added a fifth day, " the day of youth" (dies juvenalis as it were called), devoted no doubt to the sports of young naked boys.

The festival lasted seven days. The woollen fetters were taken from the feet of the image of Saturn, and each man offered a sacrificial pig. During the festival schools were closed; no war was declared or battles fought; no punishment was inflicted. In place of the toga an undress garment (synthesis) was worn. Distinctions of rank were laid aside: slaves sat at the table with their masters or were waited on by them, and the utmost freedom of speech was allowed them. All classes exchanged gifts, the commonest being wax tapers and clay dolls. These dolls were especially given to children, and the makers of them held a regular fair at this time. Varro thought these dolls represented original sacrifices of human beings to the infernal god. There was, as we have seen, a tradition that human sacrifices were once offered to Saturn, and the Greeks and Romans gave the name of Cronus and Saturn to a cruel Phoenician Baal, to whom, children were sacrificed at Carthage.

The Cronus to whom human sacrifices are said to have been offered in Rhodes was probably Baal, for there are traces of Phoenician worship in Rhodes. It may be conjectured that the Saturnalia was originally a celebration of the winter solstice. Hence it is said to have taught the inhabitants of Latium agriculture, the art of navigation and the use of stamped pieces of metal for money.  It is said that this festival was merged into what we now know as Christmas